For the weekend we would like to point out a video essay -- in our opinion the clip could have given more space and time to the discussed film scenes, the theme (and our own words), but some interesting aspects of the direction are presented here. How a desired mood can be created in the film is shown by comparing two film scenes. While in the helicopter scene from Good Fellas (1990) the feeling of hectic nervousness increases, the tension dominates the drug deal in Boogie Nights (1997). How these emotions were induced by Martin Scorsese and Paul Thomas Anderson, respectively, is attributed to several factors -- the script, the camera, the editing and the music.
The script largely determines what should happen at all, and to what extent the audience is informed. The tension in the drug deal also arises because the audience knows that the protagonists are planning a crooked deal (keyword suspense). The type of camera work gives the images an immediate, individual tempo that more or less involuntarily passes to the viewer -- in the Good Fellas sequence, for example, it is usually in motion. The -- in this case often jumpy -- cutting increases this tempo even more. This is quite different in Boogie Nights, where a quiet camera points out details that indicate what is coming or emphasizes the danger, while an initially restrained cut leaves the actors time to feel visibly uncomfortable. The music is integrated into the scene; what the viewer hears, the characters hear on site (the so-called diegetic approach). Scorsese, on the other hand, underscores his pictures with excerpts from various rock songs just for us viewers, in order to intensify the growing tension of the protagonist.
Of course, a film director does more, for example the actor guidance and the resolution of the scenes (what is shown and what not) is important, but here it is all about how a desired mood can be created. Of course, light and equipment also play a role.