As announced in June, Farewell of Macs from Intel is now complete: Apple has just introduced its first self-developed chip based on ARM as well as new MacBook Air 13", MacBook Pro 13" and Mac mini models that use this new chip. The new models are virtually unchanged in terms of design, only the inner workings are radically new thanks to the new Apple Silicone, which is optimized for mobile computers for high performance with low energy consumption.
Apple M1 Chip
The Apple chip christened M1 - the most powerful chip ever made by Apple - is a 64-bit SoC manufactured in 5 nanometer process technology and, unlike all previous Macs or PCs, integrates many functions from different chips into a single one - similar to the SoCs of smartphones. The M1 has four performance and four energy-saving cores, which share memory with the 8-core GPU on the same chip, and is said to have twice the performance of an integrated PC GPU.
According to Apple, the new system has an extremely high power per watt ratio and delivers the same performance as an Intel Dual Core MacBook Air. The GPU is able to seamlessly play multiple 4K video streams or render complex 3D scenes. With a throughput of 2.6 TeraFLOPS, the M1 has the world&s fastest integrated graphics in a computer. Also on-chip in the M1 is a 16-core neural engine for calculating machine learning tasks.
Apple M1 SoC Integration
Other features on the M1 include Apple&s latest Image Signal Processor (ISP) for higher video quality with better noise reduction, wider dynamic range and improved automatic white balance; the latest Secure Enclave for secure storage of biometric data on the device; a high-performance storage controller with AES encryption hardware for faster and more secure SSD performance; highly efficient engines for encoding and decoding media with low power consumption; and an Apple-developed Thunderbolt controller with support for USB 4.
macOS Big Sur
The new macOS Big Sur is optimized for the M1 and allows Mac users to run a larger number of apps than before. All Mac software from Apple is now in Universal Format and runs natively on M1 systems. Existing Mac apps that have not been updated to Universal format will still work using Apple&s Rosetta 2 technology. iPhone and iPad apps can now be launched directly on the Mac.
MacBook Air 13"
The new M1 chip in MacBook Air 13" is efficient enough to operate silently because it&s fanless - yet it&s much more powerful than its predecessor. According to Apple, the CPU of the new MacBook Air with M1 chip should be up to 3.5 times faster than its Intel-based predecessor, the GPU up to 5 times faster. The new chip also improves energy efficiency, so one battery charge is enough for 15 hours of wireless surfing or 18 hours of video playback.
New MacBook Air
To better illustrate the actual performance and efficiency gains over the old Intel MacBook Air, Apple provides the following examples of video editing: for the first time, multiple streams of 4K ProRes video can be edited and played back in full quality on a MacBook Air in Final Cut Pro without skipping individual frames, and an Internet project in iMovie can be exported up to three times faster. And integrating a 3D effect into video in Final Cut Pro is up to 5 times faster. Other new features in the 13-inch MacBook Pro include high-quality microphones, Apple&s latest image signal processor (ISP) for the camera in the M1 chip, which provides sharper images and more detail in dark and light areas during video calls, and security with the Secure Enclave in the M1 and Touch ID. At interfaces there are two Thunderbolt connectors with USB 4 support on board, on which e.g. an Apple Pro Display XDR in 6K resolution can be operated.
MacBook Pro 13" The 13-inch MacBook Pro is said to be up to 2.8 times faster than the previous generation with its new 8-core CPU and active cooling system, while the 8-core GPU is up to 5 times faster. One battery lasts up to 17 hours of wireless Internet surfing and 20 hours of video playback - twice the battery life of the previous generation.
New MacBook Pro
Compared to the previous generation, the M1 13" MacBook Pro: - Render a complex 3D title in Final Cut Pro up to 5 times faster. - Perform machine learning tasks up to 11 times faster in Create ML. - Isolate beats, instruments, and vocals in one recording in djay Pro AI in real time, thanks to the great performance of the Neural Engine. - Play back 8K ProRes video in DaVinci Resolve at full quality without skipping individual frames.
New features of the 13-inch MacBook Pro include studio-quality microphones, the latest Apple Image Signal Processor (ISP) for the camera, and Secure Enclave in the M1 and Touch ID. The MacBook Pro has two Thunderbolt ports with USB 4 support and can be connected to an Apple Pro Display XDR in full 6K resolution.
Mac mini The new M1 chip of Mac mini achieves 3 times faster performance than the previous generation.
Compared to the previous generation, Mac mini: - render a complex timeline in Final Cut Pro up to 6 times faster. - Music production in Logic Pro creates up to 3 times as many real-time plug-ins. - Increase the resolution of a photo in Pixelmator Pro up to 15 times faster.
New Mac mini
In addition, Mac mini has thermal management for continuous high performance and supports up to two displays like the Apple Pro Display XDR in full 6K resolution and comes with Wi-Fi 6 and the Secure Enclave in the M1 for high data security.
Prices and availability The new MacBook Air, the new 13-inch MacBook Pro and the new Mac mini with the M1 are available for order today. They will arrive next week and will be available at selected Apple Retail Stores and Apple Authorized Resellers. The new MacBook Air starts at 1,100.50, the new 13-inch MacBook Pro starts at 1,412.45 and the new Mac mini starts at .85.